Breadcrumbs and pagination provide additional navigation help on large sites or multi-page documents. List groups can also be used to implement navigation devices.
Breadcrumbs show a "trail" of links that the user has followed to get to the current page of the site. This is an example of the styling for breadcrumbs:
Pagination gives links to multiple pages of content within the site.
You can create a navigation menu by turning a group of links into a list group. The <ul> or <li> tags are not needed, but helpful for accessibility. Listing 12.16 shows how to turn a group of links into a navigation list group.
The book example of a fancy list groupd that describes dandelion species. This is depicting a type of photo gallery. (Note that it is not fully implemented, only shown as an example for the styling.)
This is a white flowering dandelion.
A Paphos dandelion
This is often incorrectly identified as the Taraxacum kok-saghyz dandelion
This is the endangered California Dandelion
The Xinjiang dandelion
Content courtesy Wikipedia